Arrow Fat Left Icon Arrow Fat Right Icon Arrow Right Icon Cart Icon Close Circle Icon Expand Arrows Icon Facebook Icon Instagram Icon Pinterest Icon Twitter Icon Hamburger Icon Information Icon Down Arrow Icon Mail Icon Mini Cart Icon Person Icon Ruler Icon Search Icon Shirt Icon Triangle Icon Bag Icon Play Video

Local Weaving Techniques

Berber rugs come in three types of weaves: knot, loop, and flat. A rug’s weave is an important consideration in determining which piece is best for you and your home.

First things first: a little terminology.  You will read the words “warp” and “weft” throughout this journal entry. The warp strands are spun yarn that is held taut by a loom. They run the length of the rug and act as its structural foundation. The weft strands of a Berber rug are spun yarn that is either knotted, looped, or flat woven into the warp. The manner in which the warp and weft are woven influences a rug’s design, texture, and weight. 

The knot weave is used in Oum’s Beni Ouaraine, Bouchrouit, Tazenakht, and Zemmour rugs. Let’s focus on the Benis because most of them of constructed in this manner. Benis originally come from the Beni Ouaraine tribe, of which there are multiple regional offshoots located in the Atlas Mountains due southeast of Fez. Today, these rugs are so popular that many Berber weavers outside of this tribe have adopted the technique.

One of the Oum Team’s favorites, Lalla. She is a new 5.2 ft. x 6.6 ft. partly abstract broken lozenge pattern from the Middle Atlas region, Morocco. Made of 100% sheep wool and 100% all-natural coloring. She has a 1.2” in. plush pile and weighs in at 30.87 lbs. She is heavier because she is so densely knotted.

The side view gives you a clear sense of the weave’s density.  A rug of quality ranges from 12 to 15 knots per 10 cm, and sometimes up to 30 per 10 cm. The number of knots depends on the wool's thickness.

Now, take a look at the back. It is not plush, but flat (not to be confused with the flat weave). This is the strong foundation that is the warp around which the knots are tied.

 

Weavers typically tie a knot around two warp strands, but can use up to four. They razor off the ends of the fabric strands to create a uniform pile.

After 4 to 6 weeks, the knotted Beni Ouaraine is ready to sell. The end result is a luxurious piece that lasts a lifetime and can be passed down to future generations. It accommodates any space with its neutral coloring and simple design. The weaver communicates through her use of motifs, a symbolic Berber language. Learn more about "The Moroccan Berber Rug".

Every single rug is handwoven, of the highest quality, and handpicked by the Oum Team. Each is 100% ethically sourced with the utmost respect for its weaver’s technical and artistic skill.

Please do not hesitate to contact us if you need any help choosing your Oum rug.  We hope one finds its way into your heart and home.

 

Continue Shopping

Comments on this post (0)

Leave a comment

Read Also

  • Education For All Morocco

    Very few girls from the rural communities of the Morocco’s High Atlas Mountains have the opportunity to continue their education beyond primary school. Secondary schools, located several miles away in larger towns, are not accessible to them for two main reasons: Their parents cannot afford housing that is in closer proximity to secondary schoo...

  • The Ultimate Home Accent

    The Handira is a traditional Moroccan Berber wedding blanket. It is woven just prior to marriage and gifted to the bride. The Handira is rectangular in shape and dimensions vary according to a bride’s figure. It is worn over the shoulders similar to a shawl and fastened on the chest by a cord or pin. These garments are made of wool and cotton an...

  • Founding Fathers and Morocco

    In honor of the 4th of July, we are publishing the first of ten Journal Entries dedicated to the relationship between the US and Morocco.  In 1776, Morocco became the first country to publicly recognize the independence of the United States in the form of granting US vessels access to its ports. Under the direction of sultan Mohammed III, port ...

FOLLOW US ON INSTAGRAM @OUMRUGS